- Which of the following patients should you avoid the insertion of an oropharyngeal airway?
- When would you use an Igel?
- When would you use an oropharyngeal airway?
- Which of the following is an example of an advanced airway?
- What is the equipment needed for endotracheal intubation?
- How is a nasopharyngeal airway placed?
- What are the indications for an oral airway?
- How often should a nasopharyngeal airway be changed?
- What happens if an OPA is too big?
- How do you size an oral airway?
- When would you use an oral or nasal airway?
- When should you not use an OPA?
- What is another term for an open airway?
- What is one contraindication for using an NPA?
Which of the following patients should you avoid the insertion of an oropharyngeal airway?
An oropharyngeal airway should not be used on patients who have nasal fractures or an actively bleeding nose..
When would you use an Igel?
rapid and reliable to use. The i-gel®, from Intersurgical, is ideal for use in emergency medicine and difficult airway management as it provides high seal pressures and reduced trauma, plus incorporates a gastric channel to give additional protection against aspiration.
When would you use an oropharyngeal airway?
Use an oropharyngeal airway only if the patient is unconscious or minimally responsive because it may stimulate gagging, which poses a risk of aspiration. Nasopharyngeal airways are preferred for obtunded patients with intact gag reflexes.
Which of the following is an example of an advanced airway?
Advanced Airway Examples are supraglottic devices (laryngeal mask airway, laryngeal tube, esophageal-tracheal) and endotracheal tube.
What is the equipment needed for endotracheal intubation?
Suction catheter: A tube to suction out secretions and prevent aspiration. Carbon dioxide detector: A device used to confirm the correct position of the tracheal tube by measuring the exhaled carbon dioxide. Oral airway: A device that conforms to the tongue shape is placed in the mouth to keep the airway clear.
How is a nasopharyngeal airway placed?
Insert the airway posteriorly (not cephalad) parallel to the floor of the nasal cavity, with the bevel of the tip facing toward the nasal septum (ie, with the pointed end lateral and the open end of the airway facing the septum).
What are the indications for an oral airway?
IndicationsBag-valve-mask ventilation.Spontaneously breathing patients with soft tissue obstruction of the upper airway who are deeply obtunded and have no gag reflex.
How often should a nasopharyngeal airway be changed?
every 5-7 daysMore frequent occlusions may occur during this time from the trauma of initial insertion. After this period it should be routinely changed every 5-7 days, with alternating nostrils utilised. If the NPT is required over long-term, size and length may need adjusting according to patient’s growth.
What happens if an OPA is too big?
In order to effectively use an OPA, you must have an understanding of its purpose, and ensure it is suitable for your patient. Incorrect sizing of an OPA will result in either ineffective oropharynx patency if it is too small, or could cause trauma or impinge on the epiglottis if it is too big.
How do you size an oral airway?
Select the proper size airway by measuring from the tip of the patient’s earlobe to the tip of the patient’s nose. The diameter of the airway should be the largest that will fit. To determine this, select the size that approximates the diameter of the patient’s little finger.
When would you use an oral or nasal airway?
In cases of oropharyngeal trauma, a nasal airway is often preferable to an oral airway. NPAs are pliable, bent cylinders made of soft plastic or rubber in variable lengths and widths (Fig. 15-9).
When should you not use an OPA?
An OPA should not be used in a conscious or semiconscious individual, because it can stimulate gagging, vomiting, and possible aspiration. The key assessment to determine if an OPA can be placed is to check if the individual has an intact cough and gag reflex. If so, do not use an OPA.
What is another term for an open airway?
What is another term for an open airway? Patent. You just studied 37 terms! 1/37.
What is one contraindication for using an NPA?
Absolute contraindications for NPA and NT intubation include signs of basilar skull fractures, facial trauma, and disruption of the midface, nasopharynx or roof of the mouth.