What Diseases Are Spread Through Bodily Fluids?

What are the 4 major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood.

Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat.

Saliva.

Semen.

Vaginal fluids.

Mucus.

Urine..

Which body fluid is most basic?

A normal blood pH level is 7.40 on a scale of 0 to 14, where 0 is the most acidic and 14 is the most basic.

Why is sweat not considered infectious?

Universal precautions do not apply to sputum, feces, sweat, vomit, tears, urine, or nasal secretions unless they are visibly contaminated with blood because their transmission of Hepatitis B or HIV is extremely low or non-existent. In 1987, the CDC introduced another set of guidelines termed Body Substance Isolation.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What 3 diseases can be contracted by exposure to body fluids?

Blood and body fluids, such as saliva, semen and vaginal fluid, can contain viruses that can be passed on to other people. If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses.

What are the 4 ways diseases spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What should you do if you have been exposed to bodily fluids?

What should I do if I am exposed?Wash your hands immediately after any exposure to blood or body fluids, even if you wear gloves.If you get splashed in the eyes, nose, or mouth, flush with water.If you are pricked by a needle (needlestick), contact your doctor right away for further advice.

What percentage of the human body is liquid?

Up to 60% of the human adult body is water. According to H.H. Mitchell, Journal of Biological Chemistry 158, the brain and heart are composed of 73% water, and the lungs are about 83% water. The skin contains 64% water, muscles and kidneys are 79%, and even the bones are watery: 31%.

What is considered a high risk fluid?

Body fluids which constitute a higher risk of containing potential biohazards include: Human blood and blood products, including plasma, serum, and blood components. Semen and vaginal secretions. Vomit or feces.

What diseases can be transmitted through urine?

Botulism • Campylobacter infection • Cholera • Cryptosporidium infection • Haemolytic uraemic syndrome • Listeria infection • Salmonella infection • Shigella infection • Typhoid/Paratyphoid • Yersinia infection. Some infections are spread when urine is transferred from soiled hands or objects to the mouth.

What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?

Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.

Can you get an STD from drinking urine?

Yet urine exposure likely won’t put you at risk for an STD or illness, according to Handsfield. In fact, it’s far less risky than vaginal or anal sex, and even less risky than oral sex. “STDs are not merely infections that happen to involve the genitals,” Handsfield told The Daily Beast.

Can leptospirosis spread from human to human?

The infection in man is contracted through skin abrasions and the mucosa of the nose, mouth and eyes. Exposure through water contaminated by urine from infected animals is the most common route of infection. Human-to-human transmission is rare.

Is poop considered a bodily fluid?

* Includes human blood, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, tissue, and organs. Also includes any other human body fluid (urine, feces, nasal secretions, vomitus, etc.)

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

Is leptospirosis a virus or bacteria?

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria. These bacteria can be found worldwide in soil and water. There are many strains of Leptospira bacteria that can cause disease.

How quickly can germs spread?

Researchers at the University of Bristol assessed the airborne survival of bacteria in aerosol droplets from coughs and sneezes. They found the average sneeze or cough can send around 100,000 contagious germs into the air at speeds up to 100 miles per hour.

How do infections enter the body?

Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.