Quick Answer: How Long Should I Take Theophylline?

Do inhalers damage lungs?

POWERFUL inhalers used by asthma sufferers can make their lungs produce harmful chemicals and significantly increase the chances of an attack if used too frequently, researchers have claimed..

How quickly does theophylline work?

This medication may be used alone or with an inhaled bronchodilator. How fast does this medication work? This medication works within 30 minutes.

What are the signs and symptoms of theophylline toxicity?

Mechanism of toxicityNervousness.Insomnia.Central respiratory stimulation.Nausea.Vomiting.Tremors.Hyperesthesia.Focal and generalized seizures that progress to status epilepticus in 25%More items…•

Is there a substitute for theophylline?

Abstract: Doxofylline, which differs from theophylline in containing the dioxalane group at position 7, has comparable efficacy to theophylline in the treatment of respiratory diseases, but with an improved tolerability profile and a favorable risk-to-benefit ratio.

Does theophylline raise blood sugar?

high blood sugar –increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor.

Is gluten bad for asthma?

Gluten-Free Diet And the stress of gluten-induced celiac disease symptoms can worsen your asthma because stress contributes to asthma.

Is theophylline a stimulant?

Theophylline is a drug derived from methylxanthine (a purine derivative) and has smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, diuretic, cardiac and central nervous system (CNS) stimulant activities.

Is theophylline good for asthma?

Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. It relaxes and opens air passages in the lungs, making it easier to breathe.

Does theophylline cause weight loss?

Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability.

Does theophylline lower blood pressure?

Both theophylline and enprofylline lowered forearm arterial resistance without an increase in CI, LVEF, or cardiac inotropy, although enprofylline tended to cause a lower blood pressure and higher HR than did theophylline.

Is theophylline short or long acting?

Theophylline is available as a pill or as an intravenous (through the vein) drug. It is long-acting and prevents asthma attacks. Theophylline may be used to treat difficult-to-control or severe asthma and must be taken daily.

Is theophylline a steroid?

It is not a steroid. “Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles in your airways so they open up and can let air flow through them more easily,” says Asthma UK’s in-house GP Dr Andy Whittamore. When you take theophylline at home it’s usually as a tablet or capsule that lasts all day.

Is theophylline still prescribed?

Theophylline is still one of the most widely prescribed drugs for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide, because it is inexpensive and widely available.

What foods contain theophylline?

Theophylline is found in black tea and to a lesser extent in green coffee, cocoa cotyledon and dried mate.

Does theophylline increase heart rate?

Heart rate was higher in the theophylline group than in the control group. Both pacemaker therapy and theophylline improved symptom scores after 3 months of treatment; however, a similar improvement was observed in the control group.

Is theophylline used for COPD?

Theophylline has been used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of COPD for over 70 years, but has lost popularity as better tolerated and more effective bronchodilators have been introduced.

What is the normal theophylline level?

Therapeutic serum levels of theophylline are between 10 to 20 mcg/ml. Most adults achieve these concentrations with daily slow-release oral theophylline preparations, 200-400 mg (approximately 10 mg/Kg) twice a day.

What is the strongest inhaler for asthma?

Long-Acting Asthma Inhalers Available in the United States Include: Advair, Dulera, and Symbicort (a combination of a long-acting beta-agonist bronchodilator and an inhaled steroid) Salmeterol (Serevent) Formoterol (Foradil)

What does theophylline do to the body?

Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. It does this by relaxing the muscles and decreasing the response to substances that cause your airways to constrict. This makes it easier for you to breathe.

What is the side effect of theophylline?

Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

What is the best preventer inhaler for asthma?

If your asthma symptoms are well controlled with a regular preventer you may then not need to use a reliever inhaler very often, if at all….The main inhaled steroid preventer medications are:Beclometasone. Brands include Asmabec®, Clenil Modulite®, and Qvar®. … Budesonide. … Ciclesonide. … Fluticasone. … Mometasone.